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Fig. 3. Cortical neuron differentiation of PS1-E120K- and control-derived iPSCs. (A) Schematic diagram showing our stepwise cortical neuronal differentiation protocol. Control and PS1-E120K patient-derived iPSC lines were differentiated into neural precursor cells (NPC) using the Dual SMAD inhibition method. Afterwards, NPCs were treated with neurotrophic factors including BDNF, GDNF and NT3 to induce cortical neurons. (B) Immunofluorescence analysis of control and PS1-E120K iPSC-derived NPCs, showing the expression of NPC markers, such as Nestin (green), SOX2 (red) and Musashi (green) with DAPI (blue). (C) Immunofluorescence analysis of control and AD-iPSC-derived cortical neurons (TUJ1 [red] and Map2 [green]). Cholinergic neurons (ChAT [red]) and cortical neurons (TBR1 [red] and CTIP2 [green]) at 10 weeks after differentiation were shown. (D) Ratios of each mature neuronal cell type relative to DAPI staining. Scale bar: 50 µm.
Exp Neurobiol 2018;27:350~364
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