Highlights
  • Review Article | February 28, 2022

    Rare neurological diseases are difficult in identifying causative genetic variants. This review will provide an overview of invertebrate model-based efforts in studying rare neurological diseases.

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    Rare neurological diseases are difficult in identifying causative genetic variants. This review will provide an overview of invertebrate model-based efforts in studying rare neurological diseases.
    Ji-Hye Lee
  • Short Communication | February 28, 2022

    Diffusion weighted MRI is used to map out networks between anatomical structures and compared with known neuronal connections in the complex octopus brain.

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    Diffusion weighted MRI is used to map out networks between anatomical structures and compared with known neuronal connections in the complex octopus brain.
    Russell E. Jacobs
  • Original Article | February 28, 2022

    We developed the conformation-specific antibodies against α-synuclein fibrils and demonstrated their therapeutic efficacies in models of Parkinson’s disease.

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    We developed the conformation-specific antibodies against α-synuclein fibrils and demonstrated their therapeutic efficacies in models of Parkinson’s disease.
    Minsun Choi, Tae-kyung Kim, Jinhyung Ahn et al.
  • Original Article | February 28, 2022

    This study provides the evidence of interleukin (IL)-13 neurotoxicity in the striatum in vivo in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation rat model. IL-13 contributes to neurodegeneration by neuroinflammation, damage of blood brain barrier and loss of astrocytes in the LPS-treated striatum in vivo. The present data suggest that endogenously expressed IL-13 from reactive microglia/macrophages may be associated with the neuropathological processes of striatal neurons.

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    This study provides the evidence of interleukin (IL)-13 neurotoxicity in the striatum in vivo in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation rat model. IL-13 contributes to neurodegeneration by neuroinflammation, damage of blood brain barrier and loss of astrocytes in the LPS-treated striatum in vivo. The present data suggest that endogenously expressed IL-13 from reactive microglia/macrophages may be associated with the neuropathological processes of striatal neurons.
    Ah Reum Hong, Jae Geun Jang, Young Cheul Chung et al.
  • Original Article | February 28, 2022

    Choi and Shin demonstrated that alendronate alleviated the SCI-induced neuro-inflammation and neuro-behavioral dysfunction.

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    Choi and Shin demonstrated that alendronate alleviated the SCI-induced neuro-inflammation and neuro-behavioral dysfunction.
    Yuna Choi* and Taekyun Shin*
Vol.31 No.1 | February 28, 2022

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Octopus Brain Structure and Connectivity

The octopus is the “exoplanet” of neurobiology. Superficially similar enough to the mammal to be recognizable, but so far away as to appear truly strange and wonderful. Just as we expect to better understand mechanisms underlying the earth’s behavior (past, present and future) by studying other planets, a better understanding of the brain of another intelligent inquisitive species, e.g. the octopus, will provide unique insight into the workings of the human brain. Diffusion weighted MRI is much used to map out fiber pathways in the human brain. We utilize the same methodology here to map out connectivity in the octopus brain.