Instruction to Authors

Endnote style for EN Manuscript template Copyright transfer form

Revised on March 19, 2012
Revised on March 26, 2013
Revised on August 12, 2014
Revised on June 15, 2015
Revised on August 24, 2018
Revised on April 17, 2019

  • Manuscripts should be written in English, using the manuscript template file found here, double-spaced throughout. All manuscripts should be submitted online at http://www.enjournal.org. For submission, the text should be a single file in Microsoft Word format.
  • Original research articles should be arranged in the following order: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) introduction, (4) materials and methods, (5) results, (6) discussion, (7) acknowledgements, (8) references, (9) tables, (10) figure legends, and (11) figures. Results and discussion may be combined. All pages should be numbered, starting with the title page, except for figures.
    • (1)
      Title Page should include the following:
      • 1)
        Journal Section (selected from Cellular & Molecular Neuroscience, Development/Differentiation/Regeneration Neuroscience, Neurobiology of Diseases, Systems/Cognitive/Behavioral Neuroscience and Clinical Neuroscience)
      • 2)
        Title of less than 150 characters including spaces.
      • 3)
        Full names of all authors. The author list should be one single paragraph with no breaks. Authors’ full names should be provided and listed by first names followed by last names and separated by commas. Use superscript of Arabic numerals placed at the end of each author to link affiliations. A footnote to an author indicating a change of address may be included by use of superscript of lower case alphabets. Corresponding author should be indicated by the asterisk symbol (*) and additional author notes by the dagger symbol (†).
      • 4)
        Institutions in which the work was carried out. In the case of more than one affiliation, authors and their affiliations should be matched with superscript of Arabic numerals (such as 1, 2, or 3), placed at the end of each author and before the first letter of the institution.
      • 5)
        A running title of less than 40 characters including spaces.
      • 6)
        Name, phone and fax numbers, complete postal and e-mail addresses of the corresponding author.
      • 7)
        Four to six keywords (Each key word has to be extracted from MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh)
      • 8)
        Representative schematic or figure. A figure or model schematic describing the study (will be shown in the table of content page at EN Home Page).
      • 9)
        Summary Paragraph. A short summary of the study in one paragraph of less than 3 sentences (will be shown in the table of content page at EN Home Page)
    • (2)
      Abstract (up to 250 words) should be a single paragraph readily comprehensible to the broad readership of Experimental Neurobiology. It should provide a concise summary of the objectives, methodology, major results, and conclusions of the study. It should be written in complete sentences, without subheadings.
    • (3)
      Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation or the hypothesis being tested. A brief statement of the relevant background that supports the rationale of the study should be given, but extensive review of the literature should be avoided.
    • (4)
      Materials and Methods should be brief, but sufficient to allow the reader to judge the reliability and reproducibility of the experiments. Wherever possible, reference should be made to previously published procedures. Extensive descriptions of the methods should be avoided unless they represent new methods or substantially new modifications. The name and location of commercial suppliers and individuals from which materials were obtained should be listed.
    • (5)
      Results should present the experimental findings in tables or figures, but simple findings can be mentioned directly in the text. Only results necessary to establish the main points of the manuscript should be included. Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate statistical tests.
    • (6)
      Discussion should include interpretation of the results and discussion of the validity and significance of the results in relation to previously published work in the field. Extensive discussion of the literature should be avoided. Results and Discussion may be combined for a clearer presentation.
    • (7)
      Acknowledgements should include personal assistance and financial support.
    • (8)
      References are cited in the text by giving the numbers in square brackets.

      For example, 1) Similar experiments were conducted elsewhere [1].
      2) The study of Kwon and Shin [2] demonstrated....
      3) Previous observations [3, 4] are consistent with....
      4) Axonal transport defects are best characterized for motor neuron disorders [5-7, 9].
      All references cited in the text must be listed in the References section, in numeric order. References must be complete with the last name(s) and initials of authors (names of authors divided by a comma), year of publication in parenthesis, title of paper, journal title, volume, and page numbers. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to List of Journals indexed in Index Medicus of the latest edition. List all authors in each reference. Do not use “et al.” References to books should include name(s) of the author(s) or editor(s), year of publication in parenthesis, title of the book, publisher, and place of publication. For example,

      1) Journal articles

      [1] Chung JM, Lee KH, Surmeier DJ, Sorkin LS, Kim J, Willis WD (1986) Response characteristics of neurons in the ventral posterior lateral nucleus of the monkey thalamus. J Neurophysiol 56:370-390.

      [2] Kwon OB, Shin HC (2006) Hyperthermia-induced changes of afferent sensory transmission to the SI cortex of anesthetized rats. Exp Neurobiol 15:49-54.

      [3] Talbot K, Louneva N, Cohen JW, Kazi H, Blake DJ, Arnold SE (2011) Synaptic dysbindin-1 reductions in schizophrenia occur in an isoform-specific manner indicating their subsynaptic location. PLoS One 6:e16886.

      [4] Riederer P, Laux G (2011) MAO-inhibitors in Parkinson's disease. Exp Neurobiol (in press).

      2) Books

      [5] Hille B (1984) Ionic channels of excitable membranes. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.

      3) Chapters in a book

      [6] Mountcastle VB (1984) Central mechanisms in mechanoreceptive sensibility. In: Handbook of physiology: the nervous system (Darian-Smith I, Hetch D, Uribe E, eds), pp 789-897. American Physiological Society, Washington DC.

    • (9)
      Figures, Tables and Legends should be inserted at the appropriate place in the results section. Place each figure and its legend within the Results section, not at the end of the manuscript.
      • 1)
        Figures must be numbered with Arabic numerals and prepared in GIF, PNG, or TIFF formats. Color or grayscale images both with no text or arrows (halftone images) and with any text or arrows (combination halftone images) should be at least 600 dpi. Black and white images with no shades of gray (line drawings) should be at least 1000 dpi. Color images should be created as RGB. Authors may be requested to send the original source files to the editorial office in the event that the converted files are not acceptable for publication for any reason. Figures should be uploaded individually as separate files during submission.
      • 2)
        Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order of appearance in the text. Each table should be double-spaced on a separate page with a short descriptive title typed directly above and essential footnotes below. The footnotes to tables should be identified with the italic superscript lower case (e.g., a, b, etc.).
      • 3)
        Table and figure legends should be included within the text file as part of the main manuscript. They should contain sufficient information to be understood without reference to the text, and all symbols and abbreviations must be explained.
  • Review articles should be arranged in the following order, each starting on a separate page: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) text, (4) footnotes, if any, (5) acknowledgments, (6) references, (7) tables, (8) figure legends, and (9) figures or other subsidiary matters, using the standard format for original research articles except for (3) text. The text (3) should be focused, critical, and topical accounts of the subject area.
  • Supplementary Materials
    Supplementary material may be submitted in support of the findings in the manuscript. It may be in the form of figures, movies, animation sequences, background datasets, sound clips, etc. A concise and descriptive caption for each file should be included in the manuscript. All presentable figures and tables should be included in the main figures and tables. Supplemental data are reserved for large databases and videos.
  • Short Communications
    Short Communications are the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus relevant to the neuroscience field. Nevertheless, authors should note that short communications are intended to present exciting findings that will have a major impact in neuroscience. The style of main sections should be organized as described for Regular Manuscript, except that result and discussion are combined as one part. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.
  • Case Studies
    Experimental Neurobiology also welcomes well-described Case Studies. Articles on the methodology of clinical research and trials relevant to the neuroscience field are particularly encouraged. Nevertheless, authors should note that case studies are intended to present exciting findings that will have a major impact in neuroscience. The style of main sections should be organized as described for Regular Manuscript, except that result and discussion are combined as one part. Case studies are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.
  • Technologue
    Experimental Neurobiology promotes publication of articles on technical advancements. Articles on the methodology of basic brain science, including imaging techniques, pharmacological and molecular tool development, animal models and psychiatric tests, will be strongly encouraged. The style of main sections should be organized as described for Regular Manuscript, except that Materials and Method section should be extended. Technologue should be 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.
  • Letter to the Editor
    Letter to the Editor will be considered for publication if they provide constructive comments or critiques to manuscripts published in Experimental Neurobiology in recent years. The maximum length of the manuscript allowed will be 2-3 printed pages in length, which may include 1,500 words, 8 references and 2 illustrations. A 150-word abstract including 2 key points is required in the abstract box of the submission site for the benefit of potential reviewing, but please do not include the abstract in the manuscript file.
  • Publication fee
    Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors will be required to pay KRW 500,000 or USD 500 for the publication fee before proceeding to production. (For a current member of Korean Society for Brain and Neural Sciences and of Korean Society of Neurodegenerative Diseases, a discounted payment of KRW 250,000 or USD 250 will be required.) If a manuscript is accepted for publication through Quick Review Process, the authors will be required to pay KRW 1,000,000 or USD 1,000 for the publication fee before proceeding to production. Publication fee is not refundable. (For a current member of Korean Society for Brain and Neural Sciences and of Korean Society of Neurodegenerative Diseases, a discounted payment of KRW 500,000 or USD 500 will be required.)